Monday, November 4, 2013

Wooden Boat Building Methods

Wooden Boat Building Methods

By Curtis Tucker

There are some different methods that can be used to build a boat. You have Carvel Planking, Lapstrake Planking, Strip Planking, and Stitch & Glue. You'll find the basics of each below.

With Carvel Planking the planks abut one another on a framework. First, you create the frame. Then you connect the abutting planks to the frame with nails or screws. You then have to do some caulking to seal the seams so water doesn't get in.

Lapstrake Planking is comparable to Carvel since you assemble it on a frame. However, the planks overlie each other instead of sitting edge to edge. They are fastened to the frame with rivets and glue and they generally don't have to be sealed due to the planks being fitted so tightly together. Maintenance to this kind of wooden boat is more complex than others because of the overlapping assembly.

Strip Planking is a lot like Carvel Planking apart from the narrower strips of timber that are used as an alternative to large planks. This style of wooden boat can be joined together with epoxy or nails.

Stitch & Glue is probably the simplest technique for building a wooden boat. This is the method recommended to somebody building a boat for the first time. With this method you use marine grade plywood to cut out the different sections of the boat using the instructions found in your boat plans. Then, you bore holes down the edges of your pieces that will link to another plywood section and line up the holes. The pieces are held together by inserting plastic wire ties or metal wire pieces though the holes. Then you fill the joints with epoxy to keep them together. When it is completely dry, remove the wire ties and fill in the holes with epoxy. This method can be used to build a flat bottomed boat, a "V" bottomed boat, or a multi-chined bottomed boat which is a more curved hull. This kind of construction is extremely easy to fix because you can patch in a fresh section of plywood and be back on the lake rather quickly.

The Stitch & Glue method involves less material and does not call for an underlying frame or a garage full of tools to wind up with a stunning wooden boat that is pleasing to the eye. This is why it is the simplest, cheapest, and requires the least amount of time of all the wooden boat building methods.

Since the Stitch & Glue method is the easiest of the wooden boat building techniques, it is suggested for folks that have minimal money, time, and experience. You can find more information about boat building at Building a Wooden Boat and start your boat building adventure today!

Article Source: Wooden Boat Building Methods

Boat Building With Hand Tools Vs Power Tools

Boat Building With Hand Tools Vs Power Tools

By Ben Melon

An in depth look at why you might lay down the power tools and pick up the hand tools in your next boat building adventure.

Power tools in boat building are usually required and there is no way around that as the plans compel you to use them, deviations from these plans will usually create problems down the line. Boat building with hand tools can be used without any significant deviations only if you are a skilled boat builder and know exactly what you are doing, which is usually not the case for most of you amateur enthusiasts. However if you are interested in a hand tools only boat building project, then what you need to do is buy plans which are specifically designed to be used in conjunction with hand tools only. Be warned that this type of woodworking project will require you to learn and master a very different type of skill set than you might be used to, however it will also be very rewarding if you really are a boat building enthusiast.

Firstly the disadvantages of power tools

When building any type of boat such as a sailing boat, fishing boat, a canoe or even a little dinghy you are always going to spend more money on a project when power tools are used over hand tools. You might think that the bulk of the extra cost comes in purchasing the electrical power tools. Usually this is only half the cost, the other comes in the maintenance and repairing. This usually unforeseen cost can be greatly decreased if you are an experienced tradesmen or otherwise have some experience in repairing electrical goods.

Another disadvantage is the health and safety aspect which goes unnoticed by the majority of woodworking amateurs. Most of you might not have had a serious accident involving power tools so you might be inclined to just simply ignore this but not all people are or will ever be suited to use high performance power tools such as is required to cut wood for the hull of a boat. They might go months or even years without accident or injury but all it takes is one moment of lack of concentration and they will wish they would have never taken up woodworking or boat building in the first place.

Why use hand tools exclusively in a boat building project?

Hand tools have been used for centuries before electricity was discovered to make anything from boats to mansions. The skills and techniques required to successfully wield hand tools such as a chisel or hand saw are slowly being forgotten as our circular saws and mechanical sanders are able to do the jobs much faster and at a fraction of the effort. However hand tools increase our communication to the wood we are working on, as every bit of change in the grain is felt and heard more effectively.

Another reason is simple economics, if you are building a boat out of your wooden tool box filled with hand tools it will be a whole lot cheaper than if you used power tools for the reason discussed previously. However you have to consider the fact that the project will go a whole lot slower, especially if you are still in the process of learning how to use your newly acquired quality hand tools.

In my opinion it is best to learn the craft that comes with hand tools on a boat building project that is relatively easy such as a little dinghy made completely out of wood. You can get such boat plans from your local hardware store or even at specialized online retail store.

More character and personality

Working with the machines requires you to be very accurate with any cutting or sanding that you do. All joints must fit exactly as planned with virtually no room for error as it will be seen as poor craftsmanship. Building a boat with hand tools on the other hand is perceived different, when irregularities show up they are put down to the uniqueness of the tool and the method used. This is looked upon my the community as adding character to the boat and uniqueness as each one will be built slightly differently. This is one of the main reasons why some people will pay substantially much more money for a mahogany hand built boat than an equivalent one made using generic specifications and power tools. From this you might be able to see that building a boat using hand tools might be slower but can also provide a better return in the end for the overall time spent, as in all business decisions it is a balancing act as time is money.

Wooden boat kits

There are some wooden boat kits packed with basic hand woodworking tools that are specifically designed to help you build a boat using hand tools only. This is done by giving you very detailed and thought out plans and drawings which takes into account that the craftsmanship level is very low. Also the wood is pretreated and worked on which means that all the traditionally tricky parts of the project are either done for you or made much easier. Such wooden boat kits however do not come very cheaply and if you are looking to sell boats on as a regular hobby then it should only be used as a learning stepping stone, since it is still reasonably cheaper than getting a mentor to guide you through a project.

Where to buy quality hand tools?

The best place to buy them would be at your local hardware store and not some major retail store. The reason for this is that you can bargain and often get good discounts, whereas at chain stores the staff typically do not have the authority to reduce any prices. Generally it is a bad idea to buy online because you cannot get a feel for the tool that you are buying, when it arrives you might find that the size and grip is not at all what you require.

When doing woodworking the quality and overall outcome of the project will depend on the quality of the components you have to work with. This is not only limited to tools but also the boat plans and quality of wood that you use. Therefore you must invest in a set of good quality boat building hand tools so that your job will be made easier and your work will look much more professional.

Get more information at Small Boat Plans

Also checkout Wooden Boat Building

Article Source: Boat Building With Hand Tools Vs Power Tools

Drift Boat Plans For Boat Building Beginners

By Bill Boor

If you love to fish and would like to build a beautiful, sturdy fishing boat suitable for rivers with rapids, then a drift boat may be the right boat for you. A drift boat is basically a modified open-water dory boat, made specifically to use in rivers. It is also known by the names McKenzie dory or Rogue River dory, and these boats are built to be able to withstand river rapids and other river conditions.

Drift boat design relies on a wide and flat bottom, sides that flare outwards, and a pointed stern and rocker that allows the boat to be easy to navigate and turn quickly in water. They are a sturdy boat, ideal for the rough river conditions in the pacific Northwest, although their use of paddles makes them suitable for paddling around in many other locations as well. They are a very versatile boat, well suited for a range of river and lake conditions.

Building your own boat can save considerably on the costs of acquiring a drift boat. You will pay well in excess of $2000 for a basic prebuilt boat (no trailer or extras included), but these boats can be built at home as well with just basic knowledge and good drift boat plans in hand. Building your own boat can be an extremely rewarding experience, and it will save you hundreds of dollars on the price of the vessel. It will, however, take time (probably several months) to build your own boat.

You may initially find it challenging to find a wide selection of drift boat plans online or in bookstores. But remember, these are often classified as a type of dory boats, so you may want to start your search with dory boat plans instead. Because these are a fairly challenging craft for beginners to build, be sure to find plans that are clear and detailed and suitable for those with little boat building experience to use.

Bill Boor is a boat building enthusiast who recommends you find reliable wooden boat plans for dory or drift boats that are detailed and complete, and created by a boat building expert. Plywood boat plans may be the easiest for beginners to use and follow.

Article Source: Drift Boat Plans For Boat Building Beginners

Beginners Guide to Wooden Boat Building

Beginners Guide to Wooden Boat Building

By John Dela Cruz

If you have never constructed a wooden boat before and are not an experienced woodworker, you may find this a daunting task. As a beginner, you can take the help of DIY plans for boat building and follow the process in a step by step manner. These plans will enable you to transform pieces of plywood into the most attractive and inviting wooden boat. All you need to know is to hammer nails, cut timber and of course to read the instructions and you are as capable as an expert in building your own boat.

A medium sized garage should be sufficient space for building your boat. As you choose the wooden boat plans, you must carefully consider a few aspects -

 Ensure drawings are detailed. The plan you choose must show you every single aspect of what you must do in-depth.
 Find out if the plans are based on actually built boats. It is recommended not to choose plans that have not been tried before.
 Certain plans contain a list of materials you need to construct the wooden boat. Choose plans that contain the list to make the job easier.
 Last but not least, a well drawn out plan costs between $50 and $100.

With these tips in mind, after you select a good plan, it is now time to start constructing your wooden boat. You can find boat building plans at book shops, your local library or online. You can ask for a sample or preview of the plan before purchasing to ensure that it has all necessary details.

build a pontoon boat
Building your own boat is a very enjoyable experience. If you are an absolute novice, you can take the help and guidance of an experienced woodworker. A professional will be able to teach you how to follow the guidelines in the plan in a systematic manner.

Before you start building your wooden boat, remember to keep a set of tools ready. It is highly recommended to purchase only the best quality tools from reputed shops as they perform well and last a lifetime. Tools you require for constructing a wooden boat include -

Drill and drill bits
Mire saw, Jig saw and Hand saw
Wooden mallet and chisel
C-clamps and spring
Timber files and rasps
Spoke shaver and block pane
Rule, tape measure and square
Bristle paint brushes and foam

As you purchase the above tools and materials for boat construction, ensure that they are suited for marine use.

The plan you have chosen will determine the type of boat you will build. Choose a large garage or outdoor space that will be enough for you to build your wooden boat in a comfortable manner. Your budget determines the kind of wood you choose for your boat. You can use inexpensive timbers such as marine ply or pine or expensive ones such as redwood or oak.

Today you can find many pre-fabricated wooden boat building kits available in the market. These kits make the job simpler for novices. Boat building kits include everything required for construction including tools, materials and timber. The advantage with these kits is that everything is cut to the exact size required and all you need to do is to assemble the pieces following the instructions.

As a beginner, it is recommended to start out with a small boat before trying out the larger ones. Glued lapstrake construction is one of the most common methods of building small wooden boats. The smallest glued lapstrake boat can be only 2 feet long and the largest as much as your imagination can go.

In this type of boat, strakes or the planks forming the hull are glued together after being lapped over each other and rabbited. Follow these few steps to construct your very first small boat -

Set up the framing jigs, lay the strakes over them, bend them to fit for exact size and glue them together by holding them in place. Allow some time for the glue to set.
Following instructions on the plan you choose cut the wood and mill the lumber after gathering all required materials.
Construct the hull's back wall known as transom after setting your boat's keel on the jigs. Now it is time to line the hull by planking and gluing after fitting over the jigs.
Set the keel of your boat on the jigs and construct the transom--the back wall of your hull.
After lining the hull, use marine epoxy to glue the lapstrakes over the jig after planks are laid in place.
The top rails must now be cut and finished to facilitate installation. Marine caulk must be used to caulk the lapstrakes if you are planning on going boating often.
It is now time to finish the interiors according to your preference. You can either varnish or paint the exterior. If you want a sail, install a mast, mast step and rigging.

Matthew is a Boat Building and Boat Repairing expert. For more on Wooden Boat Building & Repairs, visit []

Article Source:  Beginners Guide to Wooden Boat Building